- GENERAL CONDITIONS
- Article 1: Applicability
- Article 2: Definitions
- Article 3: Offers, orders and agreements
- Article 4: Prices, amounts and weights
- Article 5: Delivery period and delivery
- Article 6: Crop and processing reservation
- Article 7: Reservation of title
- Article 8: Trays
- Article 9: Breeder’s rights
- Article 10: Complaints
- Article 11: Liability
- Article 12: Buyer’s default
- Article 13: Payment
- Article 14: Rescission and suspension
- Article 15 Disputes and applicable law
General Conditions of October 2016 for the sale and delivery of products by the limited companies according to Dutch law, MNP flowers, Moerheim New Plant B.V. and Rosaflor B.V. with its seat in Leimuiderbrug, all companies hereinafter individually to be called: ‘’MNP’’.
1.1 These conditions apply to all offers from and all orders to MNP for the sale and delivery of products by MNP, and to all agreements with MNP with respect thereto. The General sales and delivery terms of Plantum for ornamental and horticulture cultivation material and plants as well as horticulture materials., as filed with the Chamber of Commerce Amsterdam, Amsterdam office, on 23 April 1991 (also called General terms for ornamental plant and nutritional horticulture production of Plantum: the Plantum conditions) are likewise applicable, but only to the extent that the MNP conditions do not deviate from them. A copy of the Plantum conditions will be sent immediately on request. They can also be consulted at www.plantum.nl.
1.2 The applicability of conditions of the other party or customer of MNP (hereinafter: buyer) is hereby expressly excluded.
1.3 Provisions that deviate from these conditions or from the Plantum conditions can be invoked by the buyer only if and to the extent that these provisions are accepted by MNP in writing. Verbal agreements with and usual practices from the buyer are therefore binding on MNP only after and to the extent that they have been agreed by MNP in writing.
- products: plants, genetic material from ornamental plant varieties, including (processed) seeds, cuttings and plant material, as well as cultivation material and/or ornamental and (nutritional) horticultural plants as well as horticulture materials .
- buyer: both the direct and the indirect other party or customer from MNP, including – even if solely – a licensee from MNP.
- force majeure: each circumstance outside the control of MNP, foreseen or unforeseen at the time of conclusion of the agreement, which wholly or partly impedes or seriously hinders the implementation of the agreement by MNP, and also, in so far not yet included, crop failure, production of seeds of insufficient quality, diseases in the enterprise of MNP or its suppliers, transport problems, labor strikes, government measures, fire, water, frost or storm damage, disturbance in the supply of basic materials, water and energy, and lack of or late delivery by suppliers for whatever reasons.
- special production: products which do not appear in MNP catalogues or ordering lists, or products which are to be delivered outside normally applicable delivery weeks for MNP, and which products after an order from the buyer MNP either orders from a third party or produces itself outside the normally applicable period for MNP for growing such products, in both cases in a slightly larger amount than in the order by the buyer, with a view to the usual risk and rate of failure.
- crop and processing reservation: a reservation by MNP with respect to any delivery in accordance with the buyer’s order to account for factors and uncertainties within the natural process of production after planting of seeds, after the raising of mother plants for the production of cuttings and after taking cuttings, which factors and uncertainties cannot always be controlled or influenced, even if they are known.
- delivery EXW: delivery EXW as meant in the Incoterms 2000.
- usual trading quality: a product quality which is deemed to be at least average within the (Dutch) supply side sector of seeds, cuttings or plants.
3.1 All offers by MNP in product catalogs, ordering lists or specific quotes, including all offers on internet, are non-binding. For that reason, MNP can refuse any order with respect to any offer within 7 days from the order date without need for explanation. MNP does not sell to private persons.
3.2 Orders by the buyer are irrevocable.
3.3 Verbal orders, also through intermediaries, result in an agreement as confirmed in writing by MNP, or in the absence of such confirmation, in an agreement in conformity with the actual implementation by MNP.
3.4 The buyer should exclusively refer in his acceptances and in his orders to product names and numbers as mentioned in MNP’ catalogs and ordering lists. In the case of special production, the applicable names and numbers are as used by MNP in the contacts with buyer.
3.5 Agreements oblige MNP to the sale and delivery of usual trading quality under the MNP crop and processing reservation and barring force majeure. If at any time before, during or after the agreement MNP has rendered advices, of whatever nature, these advises only form part of the agreement with MNP, or form a separate agreement with MNP, and only have significance and legal effect within the relationship between parties, if these advises were given in writing and buyer has agreed to owe to MNP for these advises a separate compensation.
3.6 MNP is under no obligation of any guarantee or warranty for achieving the purpose or result which the buyer seeks to realize with the products as purchased, also not if any advises given by MNP related to the use of such products with a view to such purpose or result.
4.1 Unless mentioned differently, all prices quoted are exclusive of taxes and/or duties/levies which will be applied by any government with respect to the products (to be) sold either before or at the time of delivery or export, and they are exclusive of all cost of third party licensee rights and of cost of transport or sending paid for by MNP.
4.2 If after the conclusion of the agreement but before delivery, one of the factors determining the cost price of the products increases (including an increase in the relevant currency exchange rate), MNP is entitled to increase the agreed price in conformity therewith. If the agreed price increases by more than 15%, the buyer can rescind the agreement by a written notice to MNP within 7 days after MNP notified the buyer of the increase.
4.3 The applicable prices are calculated according to the pricing tables mentioned in MNP most recent catalog or ordering list(s). These prices apply to amounts as mentioned in the tables in case of same time taking of the same variety.
4.4 If in an order the desired amount deviates from the MNP standard amounts or multiples thereof, MNP is entitled to deliver the next higher standard amount.
4.5 The smallest product amount mentioned in MNP catalogues/ordering lists is the minimum amount which can be ordered. The minimal order value is EUR 250.
4.6 In case of special production, MNP is entitled to deliver more than the agreed amount if the number of well developed products ordered or grown by MNP enables MNP thereto, and the buyer pays a pro rata higher price than the agreed price in proportion to the higher amount delivered, with a maximum of 10% of the original purchase price.
4.7 Each quoted weight of an amount to be delivered by MNP is a weight on a net basis unless mention to the contrary.
5.1 Delivery periods stated by or agreed with MNP are approximate delivery periods only. Delivery will take place within a reasonable period if no specific period has been stated or agreed.
5.2 The delivery period is based upon the circumstances applicable at the time of the conclusion of the agreement and upon the assumption of timely delivery by third parties of all materials/products necessary for the implementation by MNP of the agreement. If a delay occurs as a result of new circumstances after the conclusion of the agreement or as a result of late delivery by third parties, the delivery period is extended as is reasonable taking into account all circumstances.
5.3 All products are deemed to be delivered once they stand ready for transport.
5.4 Exceeding any delivery period with a maximum of two weeks does not entitle the buyer to suspension or rescission of the agreement, and also not to any damages.
5.5 Exceeding the delivery period with more than 2 weeks entitles the buyer to rescission in whole or in part of the agreement, but only if this is done in writing within 7 days after the two weeks period. In the case of such late performance, MNP is also entitled to rescind the agreement in part or in whole. In the circumstances foreseen in this article, MNP does not owe the buyer any damages.
5.6 Delivery is ex works (EXW), unless otherwise agreed. On delivery, the risk connected to the products in question, with all that is connected there to, is transferred to the buyer.
5.7 The buyer located in a different EU Member State than the Netherlands will inform MNP in writing of his correct VAT identification number. Furthermore, the buyer shall provide all necessary information and documents that MNP requires as proof that the products have been delivered in a different EU Member State than the Netherlands. The buyer will indemnify MNP for all claims resulting from and all negative consequences of the buyer not or not entirely complying with the provisions in this article. MNP reserves the right to increase the price payable by the buyer with the VAT rate that would apply to the delivery in question in the event of delivery within the Netherlands.
All offers from, all agreements with and all deliveries/advises by MNP are subject to the crop and processing reservation as such is usual with respect to products to be delivered in the (Dutch) business sector in which MNP is active. If MNP invokes this reservation with justification and in writing, the consequence is that any offer from or agreement with MNP is withdrawn or rescinded, but only for the part that is effected by invoking the reservation, without MNP owing any substitute obligations or any damages.
7.1 All products delivered by MNP remain the property of MNP until the time of full payment of all claims of MNP on the buyer with respect to the underlying agreement or any comparable agreements, including claims for damages, costs and interest. The buyer has no right of retention with respect to any such products for whatever reason. Once the buyer is in breach with his payment obligations, MNP is entitled to remove all that has remained its property from the buyer’s premises and buildings. The buyer will facilitate this removal as much as possible.
7.2 The buyer is obliged to store the products that have been delivered subject to retention of title with the necessary care and in such a manner that the products can be identified as property of MNP.
8.1 Trays and packaging, except single-use packaging, delivered by MNP together with the products remain at all times the property of MNP. These trays must be stored by the buyer free of soil or plant material until the time of returning them to MNP, in a proper manner and in a suitable storage place, all for the account and risk of the buyer.
8.2 The buyer or third parties through the buyer’s doing are not allowed to use the trays and packaging of MNP. If such use takes place anyway, the buyer owes MNP for each tray used an amount of EUR 10 per week or part of a week that this use continued.
8.3 The trays and/or their in mould labels and other durable packaging must not be written on, blurred, covered or otherwise damaged or made unusable. Any costs due to cleaning, repairing, replacing and/or destroying trays so affected are for the account of the buyer.
8.4 Trays are to be returned through MNP taking them back at the time of the next delivery to the buyer from the place of delivery, unless a different agreement applies. If at the time of a delivery a next delivery is not yet planned, MNP will (have a third party) pick up the trays at a time to be agreed with the buyer at the place of the earlier delivery, in which case the costs of taking back the trays are for the account of the buyer and will be charged to the buyer separately.
8.5 If at the agreed time for returning the trays they are not free of soil or plant material and if they are not ready for return at the place agreed therefore, all extra costs for MNP with respect to such shortcomings are for the account of the buyer and will be charged to the buyer separately.
9.1 Source material of varieties belonging to the ornamental horticulture, which are protected by a requested or granted breeder’s right and/or which are protected by a contractual chain or continuous stipulation in the European Union and/or any country outside, and also source material of varieties which are marked with an R (for Royalty), cannot be used for multiplication or trade.
9.2 The source material as delivered can only be used by the buyer for the cultivation of finished ornamental products at the buyer’s premises. The buyer is obliged to pass on this restrictive clause by way of chain or continuous obligation to his customers.
9.3 The buyer is only allowed to sell the finished product resulting from the source material delivered to him under the applicable variety name and any applicable trade name.
9.4 The buyer owes to MNP an immediately due penalty of EUR 0,55 per multiplied plant if any of the before mentioned stipulations are breached and such breach is attributable to the buyer. MNP is entitled to additionally claim compensation for the actual damages incurred from the party at fault.
9.5 MNP is entitled to enter the buyer’s enterprises and/or any premises under buyer’s control, where MNP delivered source material is present, during normal working hours and without the need of any advance warning, in order to review and assess that material.
9.6 At the first request of MNP, the buyer shall allow MNP inspection of his administration for the purpose of verification of buyer fulfilling his obligations meant in this article.
9.7 Should the buyer discover a mutant in a protected variety, the buyer must immediately inform both MNP and the holder of the breeder’s rights of this by registered letter.
9.8 The buyer shall release to the holder of the breeder’s right at his written request trial material of such mutant within a period of 2 months from receipt of the request.
9.9 The buyer is aware that the finder of a mutant in a protected variety requires permission from the growers of the maternal strain to exploit the mutant.
9.10 The buyer is specifically aware that the finder of a mutant requires permission from the holder of the breeder’s right with respect to the maternal strain to carry out the following activities regarding all material of the variety, including material harvested (including therefore flowers, plants and parts of plants), namely:
- a. produce or duplicate/multiply (propagate)
- b. conditioning for the purpose of propagation
- c. offering for sale
- d. sell or trade in any other way
- e. export and/or import f. holding in stock for any of the above under a through e mentioned purposes.
9.11 MNP can nominate a representative – including an independent third party – who will have the right to implement and realize its rights mentioned in this article, including the right to inspect the buyer’s administration for the purpose of verification of buyer fulfilling his obligations meant in this article.
9.12 The buyer grants permission to wholesalers, auctions, importers and/or exporters to provide information to the holder of the breeders’ rights and/or his representative regarding the quantity of harvested product that the buyer trades of the variety of the holder of breeders’ rights. In addition, the buyer grants specific permission to the auctions to provide information to the holder of the breeders’ rights and/or his representative regarding the quantity of his product that is traded at the auction under the code ‘other’.
10.1 MNP sells at least usual trading quality. The buyer is obliged to immediately inspect the products after delivery.
10.2 Complaints with respect to quality delivered or immediately visible damages must be done to MNP in writing within 12 hours from delivery.
10.3 Complaints with respect to the number, the weight or the appearance of products (other than in relation to the quality delivered or immediately visible damages) must be done to MNP in writing within 7 working days from delivery.
10.4 Complaints with respect to the capacity of germination or machine based purity must be done to MNP in writing immediately after discovery, and cannot successfully be made anymore after sixty days after delivery.
10.5 Complaints with respect to the genuineness or purity of a variety must be done to MNP in writing immediately after discovery, and at any rate in the next growing season after purchase as soon as the crop is developed sufficiently for a correct examination thereof.
10.6 The buyer shall hold all products that he has complained about at MNP disposal for his own account.
10.7 All buyer’s claims in connection with complaints with respect to the products delivered are legally barred from pursuing if the buyer has not observed the above mentioned obligations and the time periods which are part thereof.
10.8 All buyer’s claims are equally barred and without legal effect if the buyer has traded the products delivered or if they are changed, processed or damaged or if the buyer is in breach with the fulfillment of any obligations that he has towards MNP under any agreement.
10.9 If a claim is correct and (to be) recognized, MNP will deliver satisfactorily as yet, without any right existing for the buyer to claim substitute or additional damages. If replacement or additional delivery is reasonably impossible for MNP, or senseless for the buyer according to objective criteria having regard to the passing of time, MNP shall instead credit the buyer for the price paid to the extent that this price relates to the unsatisfactory part of the products delivered.
11.1 MNP liability in connection with possible inadequacies in products as delivered is limited to the additional or replacement delivery or to the credit relief mentioned in Article 10.9.
11.2 MNP is never obliged to pay substitute or additional damages except and in so far as the damage suffered was inflicted intentionally or by the gross negligence of MNP or its own employees. MNP liability for loss of profits or reputation damages, however, is always excluded, except in the case of intention or conscious recklessness by the management of MNP.
11.3 In all cases in which MNP is obliged to pay damages, these will never be higher than, at its option, either the invoice value of the products delivered or of the advises rendered in connection with which the damages were incurred, or, if the damages are covered by an insurance policy of MNP, the amount that is actually paid out by the insurer with respect thereto.
11.4 Any claim toward MNP, except those recognized by MNP, lapses after a period of 12 months from the time the claim arose.
11.5 MNP employees and representatives, or independent contractors brought in by MNP for the implementation of the agreement, can, toward the buyer, invoke all means of defense afforded by the agreement as if they themselves were party to that agreement.
11.6 The buyer will hold harmless and indemnify MNP, its employees, its independent contractors and its representatives for each claim by third parties in connection with the products delivered, the advises rendered and/or any other part of the agreement implemented by MNP.
12.1 If the buyer does not fulfill one or more of his contractual obligations toward MNP or does not fulfill them on time or adequately, all claims of MNP on the buyer are immediately due without MNP being obliged to give to the buyer any prior notice of default.
12.2 In the case of buyer’s default under any agreement with MNP, all obligations from MNP toward the buyer lapse, both under the agreement in question and under all other agreements between the parties.
13.1 The buyer shall pay within 30 days from the date of invoice, unless advance payment has been stipulated or a longer payment period has been agreed in writing. In case delivery has taken place but an invoice has not yet been sent, the buyer shall pay the agreed upon price within 30 days from delivery.
13.2 If the buyer shall not have paid within the period mentioned in the precious section, he is automatically in default and without any need for further notice to that effect he will owe an interest of 1 % per month or part of a month from the due date over the amount unpaid including VAT, and without diminishing any other rights that MNP is entitled to.
13.3 All payments by buyer will take place without a right of suspension, discount or set of, into a bank account as directed by MNP.
13.4 At the request of MNP, the buyer shall offer security for his present or future obligations flowing from the agreement as concluded. As long as the security is not put up. MNP is entitled to suspend its own obligations from the agreement. If the security is not put up within a reasonable time stated by MNP, MNP is entitled to rescind the agreement in writing in whole or in part without any obligation to pay damages and without diminishing any of its other rights.
13.5 All costs of collection incurred by MNP, both of a court procedural or non procedural nature, are for the account of the buyer. The costs are at least 15% of the sum unpaid.
14.1 If the buyer does not fulfill one or more of his obligations, or does not fulfill them on time or adequately, is declared bankrupt, requests (temporary) moratorium, or proceeds with the liquidation of his business, or if his assets are attached in whole or in part, MNP is entitled to suspend the implementation of the agreement or to rescind the agreement in whole or in part, at its option, by a written statement without the need for a prior notification of default, and with full reservation of any claim to which it is entitled for cost, damages and interest.
14.2 The buyer is not entitled to cancel any order as soon as MNP has received it, regardless of any performance under the order. If the buyer cancels any order anyway, for whatever reason, he is still obliged to pay the price that the order relates to.
15.1 All disputes between MNP and buyer shall be heard exclusively by the competent court in the Court District of Amsterdam.
15.2 In addition, MNP is at all times entitled to summon the buyer to appear before the court which is competent by law or by virtue of the applicable international convention.
15.3 All agreements with MNP are subject to Dutch law.
15.4 In the case of a conflict between the Dutch version of these general conditions and the English version thereof, the Dutch version shall prevail.